The house sparrow
) is a bird
of the sparrow
family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. A small bird, it has a typical length of 16 centimetres (6.3 inches) and a mass of 24–39.5 grams (0.85–1.39 ounces). Females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey, and males have brighter black, white, and brown markings. One of about 25 species
in the genus Passer
, the house sparrow is native to most of Europe, the Mediterranean region
, and much of Asia. Its intentional or accidental introductions
to many regions, including parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas, make it the most widely distributed wild bird.