The red-tailed hawk
) is a bird of prey
, one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the "chickenhawk
," though it rarely preys on standard sized chickens.
It breeds throughout most of North America, from western Alaska
and northern Canada
to as far south as Panama
and the West Indies
, and is one of the most common buteos
in North America
. Red-tailed hawks can acclimate to all the biomes
within their range. There are fourteen recognized subspecies, which vary in appearance and range. It is one of the largest members of the genus Buteo
in North America, typically weighing from 690 to 1,600 g (1.52 to 3.53 lb) and measuring 45–65 cm (18–26 in) in length, with a wingspan from 110–145 cm (43–57 in). The red-tailed hawk displays sexual dimorphism
in size, with females averaging about 25% heavier than males.
The bird is sometimes referred to as the red-tail
for short, when the meaning is clear in context. - From Wikipedia